Sage Kapila was a Vedic sage credited as one of the founders of the Samkhya school of Hindu philosophy. He is prominent in the Bhagavata Purana, which features a theisticversion of his Samkhya philosophy. He is estimated to have lived in the 6th-century BCE.
Rishi Kapila is credited with authoring the influential Samkhya-sutra, in which aphoristic sutras present the dualistic philosophy of Samkhya. Kapila’s influence on Buddha and Buddhism have long been the subject of scholarly studies.
Version of Hindu mythology describes Kapila as a descendant of Manu, or as the grandson of the Hindu god Brahma, or as an avatar of the god Vishnu.
Bhagavan Patanjali (500BC) was the codifier of the Yoga sutras, the most important collection of aphorisms on yoga practice. The Yoga tradition is much older, there are references in the Mahabharata, and the shrimad-bhagavad-gita identifies three kinds of yoga. The Yoga Sutras codifies the royal or raja yoga practices, presenting these as an eight-limbed system ashtanga. The philosophic tradition is related to the Sankhya school. The focus is on the mind; the second sutra defines yoga – it is the cessation of all mental fluctuations, all wandering thoughts cease and the mind is focused on a single thought.
Swami Rama of the Himalayas
Swami Rama (1925–1996) was an Indian yogi. Several Indian yogis have influenced Westerners including Swami Vivekananda, Ramkrishna Paramhansa, Paramhansa Yogananda and many more. Swami Rama was one of the first yogis, however, to be studied by Western scientists. In the 1960s he was examined by scientists at the Menninger Clinic who studied his ability to voluntarily control bodily processes (such as heartbeat, blood pressure, and body temperature) that are normally considered to be non-voluntary (autonomic).
Swami Veda Bharati
Swami Veda Bharati was born into a Sanskrit speaking family and raised in the centuries-old Sanskrit tradition. From the age of four he was schooled in traditional learning by his father, beginning with the Sanskrit grammar of Panini. From the age of nine he was a popular child preacher in Northern India and captivated audiences with the depth of his knowledge and intuitive insight into the Vedas and other texts of the Hindu and Buddhist traditions.
He was initiated into one of the highest paths of meditation and yoga by his master, Swami Rama of the Himalayas in 1970.
In 1992 Swami Rama initiated him into sannyasa or monastic life and gave him the name Swami Veda. He is the spiritual director of SadhanaMandir (Swami Rama’s Ashram) and of Swami Rama Sadhaka Grama, both in Rishikesh, and spiritual guide of the Himalayan Institute Hospital Trust in Dehradun,Uttarakhand.
Swami Veda lectures on a wide variety of topics, can conduct lectures in ten languages and meditation in seventeen languages.